Attitude vs. Aptitude
How attitude is the driver of success and how to help people succeed.
by Andrew Cooke, Growth & Profit Solutions
In a previous article, “The Exactitude of Attitude”, we examined the importance of having people not only with the right skills, but the right attitude – and that 46% of new hires fail within the first 18 months on the job. The reason? For 89% of them it is because they have the wrong attitude, and that only 11% fail because of the lack of technical skills and competencies.
However, as leaders and managers in our business we already have existing employees who display a range of different mixes of attitude and aptitude. What are these mixes and what are their implications?
Attitude vs. Aptitude Matrix
In this matrix different people will be in different positions at the same time, and for each person these positions will also change over time.
The Difference Between Aptitudes and Attitudes
Aptitudes are our potential to learn skills which we develop and hone through time. What works, you continue using. What does not, you strive to change. However, aptitudes alone cannot take you all the way through the path to success.
Your attitude determines what and how much you can do. It is like an engine – it can either slow you down or accelerate you forward.
The fundamental difference here, for managers and leaders, is that you can train people for weaknesses in aptitude – but you cannot train people out of an attitude weakness. Attitude is internal to the individual, you cannot motivate a person to change themselves – they have to motivate themselves to change.
As such, you can only influence them in three ways:
- Using carrots and sticks – this only creates compliance, as soon as the pressure to conform is reduced the individual will revert to their original attitudes and behaviours;
- Peer pressure – creating the necessary peer pressure to get the individual to change their attitude to that which is wanted; this is dependent, however, on the peer pressure being aligned with that of the business;
- Alignment with Self-Interests – by aligning the interests of the individual with those of the business, the individual willingly changes their attitudes and behavior to those required by the organization. This is the only sustainable way of engaging people and getting them to change their attitude and behaviors.
So What to Do?
You can only effectively influence people’s aptitude, not their attitude. As managers and leaders we can train people to help them improve; we can manage performance, but we cannot, nor should we, manage behavior.
To help people improve their skills requires understanding their current skills and capabilities, what is needed for them to perform well and the current gap between the two and their priorities.
To improve people’s attitudes needs the individual to change. We can help provide a suitably motivating environment to encourage people to change, but we cannot make them change.
Help people develop their skills, help them to help themselves change. But do not allow those with the wrong attitudes stay where they are, especially if they refuse to change. In these cases you have three options – Train, Transfer or Terminate. Train them in how they can change themselves; Transfer them to another position where their attitudes and behavior may be a better fit; or Terminate them – you are probably doing them a kindness, as well as yourself, by taking them out of a position where they are unhappy and giving them the opportunity to find somewhere else that suits them better.
Be clear on what attitudes and aptitudes you want in your business, and what you want your employees to exemplify in what they do and how they do it. Mark up where you see your staff on the matrix and identify if they need to improve their attitude or their aptitude, the priorities, and focus on them. Remember, it is your employees’ attitudes that are a predictor of their success – not their aptitude.
Click here to find out more about Andrew Cooke and Growth & Profit Solutions.